America's Illicit Drug Crisis

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About the Course

Learning Outcomes:
  • Discuss the composition and properties of three types of heroin.
  • Compare and contrast the effects of heroin on the brain based on the mode of transmission.
  • Define terms relevant to heroin use.
  • Describe today’s heroin epidemic.
  • Describe the etiology of heroin addiction.
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of heroin use.
  • Explain the differences between the psychological and physical effects of short-term and chronic heroin use. 
  • Discuss immediate and long-term treatment methods, including three evidence-based therapies to treat heroin use.
  • Highlight special nursing considerations when caring for patients who are addicted or at risk for becoming addicted to heroin.


About the Author:
Kelly A. Crum PhD(c), MSN, RN
Kelly Crum is a professor and interim Director of the Division of Nursing at Bob Jones University.  Most recently, Crum served as the Director of the School of Nursing at Maranatha Baptist University in Watertown, WI.  Crum earned a BS in Nursing (1990) from Pensacola Christian College in Pensacola, Florida.  She has an MS in Nursing (1995) with a focus in maternal, child nursing, curriculum development, and nursing education from the University of South Alabama and and post-master's coursework in women's health nurse practitioner (1999).  Crum is currently pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing (ABD) from the University of Phoenix focusing on the nursing student's experience with international service-learning.  Previously, Crum has served as an instructional specialist in the Health Sciences and Nursing Department at the University of Phoenix Online and as a Certified Advanced Facilitator.  Crum has also served as nursing faculty at Pensacola Christian College and Piedmont International University in Winston Salem, NC.  Crum has worked as a staff nursing a variety of medical units at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, NC; St. Mary's Hospital in Huntington, WV; King's Daughter's Medical Center in Ashland, KY; Sacred Heart Hospital and West Florida Regional Medical Center in Pensacola, FL.  She served as the Assistant Director of Nursing and Director of Staff Development at America Putnam Nursing Home in Charleston, WV.
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