Nursing: Special Populations at Risk for Substance Use

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About the Course

This course provides nurses with an overview of the epidemiology of sociocultural, family, and other external influences on the development of substance use disorders.  The course discusses the prevalence of these disorders to help prepare nurses to offer early interventions and prevention of these disorders.  

Learning Outcomes: 
Upon completion of this course, the learner will be able to:
  • Describe trends in the epidemiology of substance use disorders across the life span in the United States.
  • Discuss co-occurring conditions that may be risk factors for substance use disorders.
  • Review the scope of substance use among healthcare professionals.

About the Authors:

Audrey Darville, PhD, APRN, CTTS, FAANP, is an associate professor in the College of Nursing at the University of Kentucky. She has been a practicing family nurse practitioner since 1998. Currently the tobacco treatment specialist with the University of Kentucky Health Care System, she is also director of the BREATHE Tobacco Treatment Specialist online training program. As a certified tobacco treatment specialist, Dr. Darville works with inpatients, outpatients, and employees to provide group and intensive individual tobacco dependence treatment. She is president of the Association for the Treatment of Tobacco Use and Dependence.  Dr. Darville was honored as the Kentucky Nurse Practitioner of the Year in 2014 and inducted as a Fellow in the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners in 2016.

Peggy El-Mallakh, PhD, RN, PMH APRN-BC, received degrees from the Central Connecticut State University in 1982, a Master of Science in Nursing from the University of Kentucky College of Nursing in 1998, and a Doctor of Philosophy in Nursing from the University of Kentucky College of Nursing in 2005. She is currently an associate professor at the University of Kentucky College of Nursing, where she serves as the co-coordinator of the Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Program. Her research interests include training undergraduate and graduate nursing students in the use of a Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment Intervention to address substance use disorders in outpatient settings. She also conducts research on medical illness management and health promotion among people diagnosed with schizophrenia, the use of evidence-based practices in community mental health treatment settings, and evaluation of Doctor of Nursing Practice Programs. Dr. El-Mallakh is active in the American Psychiatric Nurses Association and the National Organization for Nurse Practitioner Faculties.

Dianna Inman, DNP, RN, APRN, CPNP-PC, PMHS, PMHNP-BC, received a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from East Carolina University, a Master of Science in the Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Track at Virginia Commonwealth University, and Doctor of Nursing Practice at Arizona State University. She is certified as a pediatric nurse practitioner, pediatric primary care mental health specialist, and psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. Dr. Inman is actively involved in practice in developmental/behavioral pediatrics and school-based mental health. She is an assistant professor of nursing at the University of Kentucky and teaches in the Doctor of Nursing Practice Program. Dr. Inman has presented nationally on substance use. She received funding from the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration to teach healthcare providers and students how to screen, provide brief intervention, and know when to refer patients for substance use problems. She is actively involved in the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners and Association of Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners.

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