Occupational Therapy: Traumatic Brain Injury: Occupational Therapy Interventions

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About the Authors

Diana Davis, PhD, OTR/L, has over 25 years of clinical experience working in multiple settings with individuals with traumatic and acquired brain injury in Los Angeles, Louisville, KY, and West Virginia. She currently is an assistant professor of occupational therapy at West Virginia University. She instructs students on evaluation and interventions for clients with neurological dysfunction and intervention to address long-term issues associated with chronic neurological disorders. She has published in the area of brain injury rehabilitation and community reintegration. Dr. Davis has presented extensively on topics related to brain injury, including parenting with disabilities, return to work, and community reintegration. She obtained her Bachelor of Science degree in occupational therapy at Western Michigan University and her master’s and doctoral degrees in higher education leadership and policy studies at West Virginia University.

Amanda Acord-Vira, EdD, OTR/L, CBIS, has been working with individuals with traumatic and acquired brain injury through clinical practice, research, and education since 2002. She received her Master of Occupational Therapy degree from West Virginia University and obtained her graduate certificate in special education and traumatic brain injury. She is currently completing her doctoral work in educational psychology at West Virginia University. Ms. Acord-Vira is an assistant professor at West Virginia University in the division of occupational therapy. She has published and presented on the topic of brain injury at the state and national level in the areas of community participation, return to work, parenting with disabilities, and caregiving for brain injury survivors. She is also a coauthor for the “Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Adults with Traumatic Brain Injury” from the American Occupational Therapy Association’s Practice Guidelines Series.

Kristine Legters, PT, DSc, NCS, is a physical therapist with more than 30 years of experience examining and treating patients with neurologic dysfunction, of which 12 years were in brain injury rehabilitation. Her current clinical practice is with adults with developmental disabilities in the group home setting. Dr. Legters is the chair and an associate professor in the Gannon University Doctor of Physical Therapy program, where her primary teaching responsibilities are neuroscience and adult neurologic rehabilitation. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in physical therapy at the State University of New York Upstate Medical University, a Master of Science degree in health science administration at Gannon University, and a Doctor of Science degree in neurological physical therapy at Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions. She is a Neurologic Certified Specialist with the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties. Dr. Legters has published and presented on a broad range of topics, including fear of falling in older adults and persons with vestibular dysfunction and post-polio syndrome.

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the major classifications, prevalence, and etiology of traumatic brain injury (TBI).
  • Identify impairments related to TBI.
  • Identify the effects of performance skill or client factors on occupational performance and participation.
  • Select the appropriate evidence-based interventions to address performance skills or client factor impairments for individuals who have had TBI.

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