MAGNET EDITION    |  SPECIALIZATIONS www.advanceweb.com | 2018 | FOCUS ON EDUCATION 11 level of stress does not threaten the point of reaching burnout and that, as an experienced Magnet employee, the focus on burnout pre- vention in the Magnet arena is real. “Clinician burnout or signs of low resilience should be important in any facility; how- ever, Magnet organizations work very hard to improve the work environment for all staff members,” she said. “Therefore, Magnet facil- ities may have more resources than non-Mag- net facilities to support staff in dealing with stress and compassion fatigue while offering resources to increase resilience.” MAGNET BACKGROUND Established in 1990 as the Magnet Hospital Recognition Program for Excellence in Nursing Services, the MRP designation is awarded by the ANCC today to recognize healthcare facilities for nursing excellence.3 The program was founded based on results of a 1983 study that identified similar char- acteristics of healthcare organizations that excelled in recruitment and retention of RNs. The University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle received the first des- ignation in 1994. Since 2013, in order to qualify for magnet status, 100 percent of a hospital’s nurse managers must hold a BSN or advanced degree.4 Borrowing from the ideals of those facilities described in the 1983 study, the MRP groups its “Forces of Magnetism” characteristics into five areas that represent the framework for dis- tinguishing Magnet organizations:3 • transformational leadership; • structural empowerment; • exemplary professional practice; • new knowledge, innovation, and improvements; and • empirical quality results. n Joe Darrah is a freelance author based in the Philadelphia region who has been covering the healthcare field since 2004. References 1. In historic shift, more nurses graduate with bach- elor’s degrees. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. 2015. Accessed online: www.rwjf.org/en/library/ articles-and-news/2015/09/more-nurses-with-bach- elors-degrees.html 2. Buerhaus PI, Auerbach DI, Skinner LE, Staiger DO. State of the registered nurse workforce as a new era of health. Nursing Economics. 2017; 35(5):229-237. Reform Emerges 3. History of the magnet recognition program. Lippin- cott Solutions. 2016. Accessed online: http://lippin- cottsolutions.lww.com/solutions/procedures.html 4. Hawkins J, Shell A. Magnet hospitals are attracted to the BSN but what’s in it for nurses? Nursing2018. 2012;42(3):50-2. ISTOCK